Endometriosis is a medical condition affecting about five million women. It occurs when the lining of the uterus, known as endometrium, moves out of the uterus and into other parts of the pelvic area such as the ovaries, bowels or behind the uterus.
Endometriosis is a common health problem. It is generally not a serious or harmful condition, but can be painful and may interfere with your daily life.
During your period, this endometrial tissue swells and bleeds and sheds from the lining to be released in the menstrual flow. When the tissue is in other areas, this swelling causes pain and may form scar tissue. There is no known cause of this condition, but it has a tendency to run in families.
Symptoms of endometriosis include:
- Painful menstrual cramps
- Chronic lower back and pelvic pain
- Pain during or after sex
- Heavy and/or long menstrual periods
Endometriosis can be diagnosed through an ultrasound or MRI. There is no cure for the disease, but symptoms can be treated depending on their type and severity. Talk to your doctor today if you think you may be experiencing endometriosis.
Hirsutism is the excess growth of coarse, unwanted body hair on women. This condition causes women to grow body hair on the face, chest, back or other body parts where men typically grow hair. Hirsutism affects as many as 10 percent of women in the United States.
Hirsutism occurs as a result of excessive androgen levels in the body, which may be caused by a variety of factors. These factors may include polycystic ovary syndrome, tumors, Cushing's syndrome, or certain medications. Hirsutism can also occur with no identifiable cause.
To diagnose hirsutism, your doctor will perform a physical examination and order blood tests to check for excessive androgen levels. If the blood tests show high levels of androgens, imaging tests may be done to check for tumors. Treatment for hirsutism may include hair removal treatments such as electrolysis, as well as medical treatments such as oral contraceptives. Your doctor will develop a customized treatment plan based on your individual condition.
Menstrual Cycle Absence or Irregularity
Menstrual disorders can turn your monthly period from a minor inconvenience into a major, debilitating condition. These disorders can cause physical and emotional symptoms and can severely disrupt your daily life for days or weeks at a time.
Menstrual cycle disorders can cause symptoms such as:
- Heaving bleeding
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Missed Periods
- Mood Swings
These symptoms are characteristic of several different menstrual disorders including:
- Abnormal uterine bleeding
While these disorders are not usually serious, they are often painful. Fortunately, treatment methods are usually successful in relieving these symptoms to make that time of the month less significant.
Pituitary, Thyroid and Adrenal Disorders affecting menstrual cycle regularity or fertility
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