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Infertility: Causes, diagnosis, risks, and treatments

The leading cause of infertility is ovulation disorders involving infrequent or absent ovulation. Polycystic ovarian syndrome, hypothalamic dysfunction (inability of the pituitary gland to produce hormones stimulating ovulation) and premature ovarian failure (premature egg loss due to genetics or an autoimmune response) are some conditions underlying ovulation disorders. Other reasons for infertility include blocked/damaged fallopian tubes, pelvic inflammatory disease, polyps, endometriosis, and cervical/uterine cancer. In some cases, women who want to get pregnant but can’t suffer unexplained fertility that prevents conception. When an ovulation disorder is responsible for infertility, ovulation induction, IUI or IVF procedures can help a woman get pregnant. How is Infertility Diagnosed? Your fertility doctor uses several…

3D rendering of the icsi(intracytoplasmic sperm injection) process – in which a single sperm is injected directly into an egg

How is IVF done step by step?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a safe and effective assisted reproductive technology used by many women who want to get pregnant but have difficulty conceiving. Good candidates for IVF are women with missing or damaged fallopian tubes, suffer from endometrial scarring or have been diagnosed with the polycystic ovarian syndrome. IVF is also the preferred choice of couples involving men with low sperm counts and when infertility exists for no apparent reason. First Step in the IVF Process Several mature, healthy eggs are needed to complete initiate IVF. Stimulating production of a woman’s reproductive hormones begins an IVF procedure, with women needing injections of follicle stimulating hormones (FSH) and/or luteinizing…

How life gets created

Can sperm cause ovulation?

In a study published by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers have discovered what may be an ovulation induction factor (OIF) in semen. Women, like most female mammals, are spontaneous ovulators, which means eggs are released regularly regardless of sexual activity. Other mammals like rabbits and camels, release eggs only when hormones are released in response to the physical stimulation of sexual intercourse. They are referred to as "induced ovulators". New research results now indicate that human semen may have an OIF that could lead to enhancing the fertility of certain women experiencing problems getting pregnant. Why Do Scientists Think Sperm May Hold Ovulation Induction Properties? After…

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How serious is PCOS and what does it mean for me?

Characterized by excess amounts of testosterone in the bloodstream, menstrual abnormalities, and infertility, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is commonly diagnosed in women between 18 and 45 years of age. Other symptoms of PCOS include the development of insulin resistance, weight gain unrelated to dietary changes, hirsutism (overgrowth of body hair) and acne on the back and face. While PCOS can be managed with medications and lifestyle changes, complications arising from insulin resistance and weight gain (specifically diabetes and cardiovascular disease), pose a serious health issue for women who with undiagnosed and untreated PCOS. In many cases, women do not know they are polycystic ovarian syndrome until they visit their doctor…