One of the most popular assisted reproductive technologies used by women with fertility issues is in vitro fertilization (IVF). By extracting a woman’s eggs and combining eggs with sperm in a lab dish, fertility doctors can create an embryo which can then be transferred to a woman’s uterus. IVF is used to treat fertility issues due to damaged/blocked fallopian tubes, ovarian failure, uterine fibroids, low sperm motility/count in men or unexplained infertility.
Does It Hurt to Undergo In Vitro Fertilization?
Several steps are involved in the IVF process. Women will initially need injections of fertility medications to stimulate the production of eggs. Women who are sensitive to insertion of needles into the skin may experience more discomfort than women who are not sensitive to needles. Transvaginal ultrasounds needed to examine ovaries for signs of multiple egg development are completely painless.
Retrieval of eggs is a minimally invasive procedure involving insertion of a hollow needle into the pelvic cavity. General anesthesia is offered and local anesthesia helps numb the skin around the pelvic region to reduce discomfort. If sedated lightly, women may feel a sensation of pressure as their fertility doctor retrieves eggs from the ovary through aspiration.
Transferral of embryos to ovaries is done about five days after combining eggs and sperm in a lab dish. A small tube resembling a catheter is inserted into a woman’s uterus to transfer the embryo. Most women report this procedure is painless, accompanied by mild cramping. Other possible side effects of IVF include mild bloating, constipation and breast tenderness due to taking fertility medications.
Call New York Reproductive Wellness Today
Women wanting to learn more about in vitro fertilization should not be worried about IVF causing pain. With anesthesia, sedation and numbing agents available to reduce discomfort, thousands of women have given birth through this type of minimally invasive assisted reproductive technology. To schedule an appointment at our Long Island/Jericho office, please call (516) 612-8466.